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What is the Heritage at Risk Programme?

The Heritage at Risk Programme (HAR) helps us understand the overall state of England's historic sites. Launched in 2008, the programme identifies those sites that are most at risk of being lost as a result of neglect, decay or inappropriate development.

Every year Historic England updates the Heritage at Risk Register. The end result is a dynamic picture of the sites most at risk and most in need of safeguarding for the future.

The important process of checking the condition of our heritage goes back more than two decades to the birth of the Buildings at Risk survey. The method has since been widened to include other types of historic places (heritage assets). The Register now includes:

  • Buildings and structures
  • Places of worship
  • Archaeological sites
  • Conservation areas
  • Registered parks and gardens
  • Registered battlefields
  • Protected wreck sites

You can find out what's at risk by searching the Heritage at Risk Register or downloading a regional Register.

Heritage at Risk sites can come in many forms; from grand to simple buildings and structures, to large visible earthworks and less visible buried remains. Many issues threaten these sites, from environmental to human impact.

A view of Gaisgill Bridge, Orton, Cumbria, a scheduled monument dating to the 18th century.
Gaisgill Packhorse Bridge, which was built in the 18th century, is on our Register. It has suffered repeated flooding events which have eroded and undermined it over time. With continued advice and support, including grant aid from Historic England, this bridge continues to be monitored and repaired by the owners. © Historic England


There are fewer entries on the 2016 Register (5,341) compared to 2015 (5,478). Despite this good news, our analysis has shown that finding economic solutions for buildings and structural monuments is becoming increasingly difficult. See the full analysis on the latest findings page.

Our local Heritage at Risk teams strive to find solutions for these sites. Our work with partners such as owners and funders is vital.

Why is it important?

People regularly say how much the historic character of where they live, work and play contributes to their lives. As public and private finance remains scarce, we need to focus on the heritage assets that are at greatest risk and that offer the best opportunities for positive development.

The Heritage at Risk Register tells communities about the condition of their local neighbourhood. It encourages people to become actively involved in restoring what is precious to them. It also reassures them that any public funding goes to the most needy and urgent cases.

The benefits of collecting data on places at risk will become even more important as public spending continues to diminish.

Buildings at Risk has proved that the Register works. Over 60% of England's historic sites on the 1999 Register have since had their future secured.

Regularly reviewing and updating our assessments of heritage assets allows us to pinpoint trends. We then explore why change is happening and how we can bring about more positive change in the future.

What does the programme include?

As well as carrying out surveys on condition and management, Historic England also does social and economic research to understand the value of heritage.

Historic England has nine local teams, each of which has a specific focus on reducing local heritage at risk. They use the outcomes of research and the annual Register to help prioritise where they focus their time and funding.

They work with partners such as the Heritage Lottery Fund and Natural England to support owners with funding to understand what repair or conservation works are needed as well as the actual work.

They strive to find the right solution both for owners, and the historic environment.

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