Bell ringing is an important part of the life of many historic places of worship and Historic England is keen to encourage the continuation of this tradition.
In some places of worship the tower area is the least modernised part of the building. This often means that the bells, bell frames and floors are near contemporaries adding greatly to their historical significance. Making changes can be highly sensitive and we would normally seek the retention of historic bells and their frames.
Careful repair is preferable to replacement. Even when a new frame is introduced it is often possible to leave an original frame and its supporting foundation beams in the tower. Where historic fittings or fabric are to be removed or adapted, we would wish to see the damage minimised and any necessary provision made for recording. In partnership with the Church Buildings Council we have set out guidance for recording bell frames.
When is consultation required?
Any alteration to bell frames, foundation beams or tower floors is likely to require consent under the ecclesiastical exemption and, in many cases, consultation with Historic England and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings will be part of the application process.
When should Historic England be consulted?
Most bells and bell frames are in places of worship and may therefore be subject to the Ecclesiastical Exemption. In situations where bells and frames are in buildings not used for worship, or in non-exempted places of worship, listed building consent will be required. We would wish to comment on the following.
For Grade I and II* places of worship:
- Removal or alteration of the bell frame
- Removal or alteration of the bell frame floor or foundation beams
- Removal or alteration of other floors in the tower
- The insertion of new foundation beam arrangements
- Alterations to the layouts for bells, especially two tier augmentations, likely to affect the structure or historic fabric of the tower
- New access arrangements to tower floors, especially modifications to spiral stairs
- Infill to belfry openings
For Grade II places of worship:
- Total removal of the bell frame
- Total removal of the bell frame floor or foundation beams
- Total removal of other floors in the tower
For all places of worship we would not normally wish to comment on the following:
- Any work to the bells, (e.g. new bearings, new headstocks, taking out of service, removal of canons, crown staple removal, drilling for bell bolts and tuning)
- Any work to the clock including the weights shaft
- Rope Guides
We would also expect to comment on works associated with bells and bell frames in listed buildings in addition to and independently from the works to the bells and bell frame, e.g.
- The relocation of a font or memorial stones from within the tower as part of a wider scheme to accommodate a new ringing floor or other facilities
- Structural repairs to the tower
- Insertion of a new ringing gallery
For further information, please contact one of our local offices.