St Giles House, Dorset
The house has resumed its role as the ancestral home of the Earls of Shaftesbury, breathing new life into the estate and village of Wimborne St Giles and providing a source of local employment and a popular venue for events and functions.
Where: Wimborne St Giles, Dorset
Years on register: 1998-2014
Abandoned and boarded up
For 700 years St Giles House was the ancestral home of the Earls of Shaftesbury and their forbears, at the heart of a large and thriving country estate. However, the changing circumstances of its owners in the mid-20th century, and a doomed attempt to eradicate dry rot from the building, led to the family moving out of the house.
In the 1970s the house was largely abandoned with windows boarded up, the scars of recent demolition work crudely blocked, and Georgian panelling stacked up in rooms. The apparent disinterest of the owner in the decaying condition of the Grade I listed house made it a national conservation cause celebre. Many took it to be a symbol of the impending obsolescence of the English country house in the later 20th century.
Addition to the register prompts new action
However, staff of Historic England never gave up on the house’s restoration and its addition to the Buildings at Risk Register in 1998 prompted new discussions with the Shaftesbury estate. Not only did we invest in a full condition survey and urgent repairs to the house, we also contributed considerable expertise to research into its history and significance.
A new Earl and new commitment
A double family tragedy in 2004-5 stalled those discussions but proved to be the catalyst for dramatic change, with a new Earl taking control of the estate. Despite his recent personal misfortunes, and lack of experience in running a historic estate, the 12th Earl brought fresh energy and commitment to the challenge of bringing St Giles House back to life.
An initial phase to restore one wing as a home for his young family, was then extended to repair the whole external envelope of the building, using traditional techniques and skilled craftsmen. That approach was then developed further in the refurbishment of the principal rooms to the house. Here, more of a ‘conserve as found’ philosophy was adopted, in some rooms leaving exposed the building’s many layers of history.
St Giles House is now restored as the ‘jewel in the crown’ of the Wimborne St Giles estate. The building that once felt gloomy, abandoned and decaying is now a home filled with light, colour and activity.
The revival of the house, as both the Shaftesbury family home and a sought-after venue for weddings and events, has helped to rejuvenate the wider estate and proved to be a catalyst for the restoration of other historic buildings within it. It shows how the most intractable of cases can be resolved by the timely intervention of one dedicated individual with the necessary vision, determination and energy.
This achievement has been crowned with the recognition of several prestigious national conservation awards and a recently published book describing this extraordinary project.
How we made a difference
Our involvement with the house over a 10 year period allowed us to undertake extensive research into its history, significance and physical condition. Access to this knowledge proved vital to the new owner when he was making plans for its restoration.
20 years of the Heritage at Risk Register
This year we are celebrating 20 years of the Heritage at Risk Register, Historic England’s tool for shining a light on the listed buildings and places in England that need the most help. Looking back over the last 20 years, huge progress has been made in saving our heritage and giving it new uses.
Also of interest...
You can visit any of the hundreds of historic properties across the country that we have grant-aided.