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Definition: Historic Garden

“A historic garden is an architectural and horticultural composition of interest to the public from the historical or artistic point of view. As such, it is to be considered as a monument... is an architectural composition whose constituents are primarily vegetal and therefore living, which means that they are perishable and renewable. Thus its appearance reflects the perpetual balance between the cycle of the seasons, the growth and decay of nature and the desire of the artist and craftsman to keep it permanently unchanged... The term 'historic garden' is equally applicable to small gardens and to large parks, whether formal or 'landscape'.”

The Charter on Historic Gardens (the Florence Charter), ICOMOS, 1981

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