Nos. 20 (Manor Cottage), 22 (Cottage Retreat) And 24

Date:
31 Aug 1999
Location:
Nos. 20 (Manor Cottage), 22 (Cottage Retreat) And 24, 20, 22 And 24 East Street, Bovey Tracey, Teignbridge, Devon, TQ13 9EJ
Reference:
IOE01/00069/28
Type:
Photograph (Digital)
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Description

This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.

BOVEY TRACEY EAST STREET (north side) SX. 8178 Bovey Tracey 11/58 Nos. 20 (Manor Cottage), - 22 (Cottage Retreat) and 24

GV II*

Row of 3 houses, probably a single large house originally. Early C16, with later additions at the rear. Solid, rendered walls. Slated roofs. The front ranges of Nos. 22 and 24 have blue glazed ridge-tiles, but No.20 has clay ridge-tiles, some of which appear to be old handmade ones with low crests. The rear wing of No.22 has some similar ridge-tiles. On the ridge, between Nos. 22 and 24, is a C19 red brick chimney stack. Nos. 20 and 22 have a 3-room medieval plan, the former open hall and one of the 2-storeyed ends lying within No.20, while the other storeyed end lies within No.22. The relationship of No.24, which is also pre-1700 and shares a roof with the other 2 houses, is not at present clear, although it is likely to have been part of the same house originally. The building may formerly have extended further west, on to the site now occupied by No.18. 2 storeys. 4-window front. No.20, the left-hand house, preserves a good C19 exterior, 2 windows wide. All the windows are 3-light wood casements of differing sizes with 3 panes per light. In the centre of the ground storey is a 6-panelled door, the 4 lower panels flush with raised reeded borders applied to their margins; the 2 top panels are ovolo-moulded and are now glazed. The door has a brass lion-head knocker. Moulded wood architrave and small flat moulded hood. Nos.22 and 24 are each 1 window wide with C20 windows and doors.

Each door has above it a C19 small flat moulded wooden hood on shaped brackets.

Interiors: none of the ground-floor partitions at No.20 is original. The front range has been remodelled to provide a 2-room and through-passage plan different in dimension from the medieval plan as reconstructed from the arrangement of the upper floor beams. On the right-hand side of the passage is an unplastered C19 timber framed partition with stone rubble nogging. On the left-hand side is a stone rubble wall with an old beam on top, possibly the reset head beam of an original partition.

The left-hand room has chamfered joists laid lengthwise, their rounded ends just visible in the passage. These clearly formed the end of a deep internal jetty projecting in the open hall, for inside the room the chamfer is interrupted at the point where it must have overlain a partition. The joists have pyramid stops at either side of the interruption in the chamfer and against the left-hand gable-wall.

A curious feature is that the joist nearest the front wall is not chamfered on the side facing the wall, but has a series of thick, short plain joists projecting from it at right angles. These short joists are properly pegged to the main joist, and it may be that they originally projected into the street as an external jetty; the former presence of such a jetty at No.21 East Street opposite is discussed under the listing for that house (item 11/62). Another feature of the joisting in the left- hand room of No.20 is a former opening at the rear, next to the gable-wall; this has a pegged trimmer, and may have been designed for a staircase. The right-hand room has similar rounded joist-ends projecting from the right-hand party wall with No.22; the wall is said to be thin and could well contain an early partition under the plaster. The joist-ends are chamfered with pyramid stops against the party wall, indicating that at this end of the hall there was a very shallow internal jetty.

The main beam of the room, which runs cross-wise and is a later insertion, probably of C17, is ovolo-moulded with raised run-out stops. At either side of it are scratch-moulded joists extending to the jetty at either end of the former hall; those on the left are exposed in the passage. Both rooms have fireplaces in the rear wall. That in the right-hand room is C20, but in the left-hand room is a large fireplace with jambs made of plain, heavy blocks of granite; it has a chamfered wood lintel with mutilated stops designed for a slightly wider opening. Lean-to at rear contains a large C19 oven in left wall.

Medieval roof survives over whole of front range of No.20 and appears to continue at least over No.22. 2 closed trusses with cambered collars and king-struts correspond to the ends of the jetties, the framework being exposed in the second storey.

Between the closed trusses is a smoke-blackened 2-bay hall roof with an arch-braced truss in the centre having a straight collar-beam. The trusses have threaded purlins but no ridge-piece. The unblackened roof over the left-hand side of the house has one truss in the centre, its collar missing, and there is a second truss against the gable-wall. This could be a gable-truss, characteristic of high-class roofing, but it could also suggest that the house originally extended further west.

It can just be seen that this truss is a jointed cruck; the feet of the other trusses are not visible.

Interiors of Nos.22 and 24 not inspected, although the front ground-storey rooms were seen through the windows. That of No.22 has a large fireplace in the right- hand wall, with granite jambs and heavy wooden lintel; exposed upper floor beam.

No.24 has a heavy chamfered upper floor beam.

Listing NGR: SX8184978586

Content

This is part of the Series: IOE\Medley_M J IOE Records for Medley, M J; within the Collection: IOE01 Images Of England

Rights

Copyright IoE Mr M J Medley. Source Historic England Archive

This photograph was taken for the Images of England project

People & Organisations

Photographer: Medley, M J

Rights Holder: Medley, M J

Keywords

Render, Slate, Timber, Medieval Cruck House, Tudor Monument <By Form>, Timber Framed House, Timber Framed Building, House, Domestic, Dwelling, Open Hall House, Hall House