Stile And Flanking Walls 40 Metres South-West Of The Great Sluice

Date:
14 Sep 1999
Location:
Stile And Flanking Walls 40 Metres South-West Of The Great Sluice, Braunton, North Devon, Devon
Reference:
IOE01/00126/18
Type:
Photograph (Digital)
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Description

This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.

SS 43 SE BRAUNTON BRAUNTON MARSH

9/54 Stile and flanking walls - 40 metres south-west of the Great Sluice

- II

Stile and flanking walls. Circa 1815. Shale rubble walls with vertical stone capping, sloping down either side of dyke. Opening at top with large slate on edge to form stile between brick piers with rounded stone rubble tops. Stone step below stile repaired in concrete. The flanking walls fenced sections of the dyke and allowed the sections to be grazed separately.

Braunton Marsh was probably reclaimed in the Middle Ages from tidal waters of the River Taw. But from 1811-15 the marsh was more extensively drained on the authorization by Act of Parliament (1811) as a result of the endeavours of the Lords of the Manors of Braunton Gorges, Braunton Abbotts, Braunton Arundel and Saunton and others who had grazing rights on the marshes. They sought to enclose Braunton Marsh which was regularly flooded by tidal water. 949 acres were reclaimed. John Pascoe was the surveyor and James Green (County Surveyor) the engineer. The adjacent Horsey Island to the south-east was reclaimed between 1852- 1857.

Historically these late enclosures are particularly interesting in Braunton where the Great Field immediately north of the Marsh is one of only 3 open field systems to survive in England. Although today (1984) there are only 5 farmers on the Great Field, their holdings are sill widely dispersed over the field as they were in the Middle Ages when there were about 100 farmers.

Reference: A H Slee, Trans.Devonshire Assoc (1969) Vol100, pp.101-110. W G Hoskins and H P R Finberg, Devonshire Studies, pp.265-271 and p.332.

Listing NGR: SS4741933957

Content

This is part of the Series: IOE\Mellor_Robin IOE Records for Mellor, Robin; within the Collection: IOE01 Images Of England

Rights

Copyright IoE Mr Robin Mellor. Source Historic England Archive

This photograph was taken for the Images of England project

People & Organisations

Photographer: Mellor, Robin

Rights Holder: Mellor, Robin

Keywords

Concrete, Rubble, Shale, Slate, Georgian Wall, Monument <By Form>, Barrier, Stile, Transport, Pedestrian Transport Site