Stile And Flanking Walls 40 Metres South-West Of The Great Sluice

14 Sep 1999
Stile And Flanking Walls 40 Metres South-West Of The Great Sluice, Braunton, North Devon, Devon
Photograph (Digital)
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This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.


9/54 Stile and flanking walls - 40 metres south-west of the Great Sluice

- II

Stile and flanking walls. Circa 1815. Shale rubble walls with vertical stone capping, sloping down either side of dyke. Opening at top with large slate on edge to form stile between brick piers with rounded stone rubble tops. Stone step below stile repaired in concrete. The flanking walls fenced sections of the dyke and allowed the sections to be grazed separately.

Braunton Marsh was probably reclaimed in the Middle Ages from tidal waters of the River Taw. But from 1811-15 the marsh was more extensively drained on the authorization by Act of Parliament (1811) as a result of the endeavours of the Lords of the Manors of Braunton Gorges, Braunton Abbotts, Braunton Arundel and Saunton and others who had grazing rights on the marshes. They sought to enclose Braunton Marsh which was regularly flooded by tidal water. 949 acres were reclaimed. John Pascoe was the surveyor and James Green (County Surveyor) the engineer. The adjacent Horsey Island to the south-east was reclaimed between 1852- 1857.

Historically these late enclosures are particularly interesting in Braunton where the Great Field immediately north of the Marsh is one of only 3 open field systems to survive in England. Although today (1984) there are only 5 farmers on the Great Field, their holdings are sill widely dispersed over the field as they were in the Middle Ages when there were about 100 farmers.

Reference: A H Slee, Trans.Devonshire Assoc (1969) Vol100, pp.101-110. W G Hoskins and H P R Finberg, Devonshire Studies, pp.265-271 and p.332.

Listing NGR: SS4741933957


This is part of the Series: IOE01/1380 IOE Records taken by Robin Mellor; within the Collection: IOE01 Images Of England


© Mr Robin Mellor. Source: Historic England Archive

This photograph was taken for the Images of England project

People & Organisations

Photographer: Mellor, Robin

Rights Holder: Mellor, Robin


Concrete, Rubble, Shale, Slate, Georgian Wall, Monument <By Form>, Barrier, Stile, Transport, Pedestrian Transport Site