Butts Bank Farm And Attached Barn To Rear
- 30 Jun 2001
- Butts Bank Farm And Attached Barn To Rear, Butts Bank, Broadwas, Malvern Hills, Worcestershire, WR6 5NH
- Photograph (Digital)
This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.
SO 75 NE BROADWAS CP BUTTS BANK
3/21 Buttsbank Farm and attached barn to rear
Former longhouse, now farmhouse and attached barn. C14, converted in early C19. Part brick with hipped, tiled roof and end brick stacks; part timber- framed on a sandstone rubble plinth, some brick infill, otherwise weather- boarded with brick ridge stack. Cruck-built longhouse had upper "solar" bay, two hall bays open to roof, and 2 lower or "animal" bays, with broad passage (7' 6") giving access to both parts of range. A further lower bay was added, probably C15, in the same form as the original end truss in which the blades reach only to the collar beam to form a hipped gable. At c1600 the hall bays were floored and an enclosed fireplace inserted centrally in the upper bay.
Finally the solar bay and half of the upper hall bay were demolished and replaced by the present farmhouse. Present main elevation Two storeys and cellar; dentilled eaves cornice; 3 windows, 18-pane sashes having moulded architraves flush with the wall-face and gauged flat heads; central first floor window blocked and frame painted in; central doorway beneath hooded canopy with imposts and modillion cornice on console-brackets; part-glazed panelled door and barred segmental fanlight. Former longhouse Upper surviving bay is single storey and attic with dormer; lower bays are floored. Irregular square panels 2/3 from sill to wall-plate. The upper bay to the south west elevation has remains of 2 rows of close-set vertical studding; ground floor casement and gabled dormer with casement; adjoining passage bay has an inserted C19 planked door and casements to left. The original doorhead mortices are visible at this and the opposite end even though there is a drop of some 5 feet where presumably there was a ramp. The upper bays of the north east elevation have an outshut with planked door and casement; the lower bays have 3 planked doors and a gabled hoist door. Interior 3 pairs of full crucks survive; at the lower end passageway the heavy beam of the former cross-frame survives at head height under which the animals entered their bays, the framing above and below the beam is much later. The 2 lower trusses are gable trusses to accommodate the hipped roof, the inner truss is weathered on its lower face, indicating that the lower bay was a later addition. All the trusses were reared in the same direction, towards the upper end, and the bridled purlin and wall- plate joints confirm that from upper to lower end was the sequence of erection.
The open arch truss of the hall has mortice-and-tenoned and moulded arch-braces to the collar and a pair of raking cusped struts above the collar. The wind- braces are elbowed as typical of medieval cruck halls. The inserted floor beams have deep chamfers and stops. The original doorway from hall into passageway survives, it has been heightened but the doorhead pegholes survive.
Winder staircase abuts upper face of uppermost cruck.
A late C19 extension adjoins the present front elevation of the farmhouse to the right; brick, separate hipped, tiled roof, 2 storeys and single bay. Also to the rear right is a timber-framed extension with brick infill and tiled roof; single framed bay, single storey and attic; 3 panels from sill to wall- plate, long straight braces in gable end and exposed collar truss; casement in each elevation and planked door in north west elevation; external brick chimney with detached stack to south east elevation.
The former well is situated approximately 5 yards north of the longhouse passageway.
Listing NGR: SO7638755398
Copyright IoE Mr John Burrows. Source Historic England Archive
This photograph was taken for the Images of England project
Photographer: Burrows, John
Rights Holder: Burrows, John
Brick, Rubble, Sandstone, Tile, Timber, Medieval Longhouse, Domestic, Agricultural Dwelling, Dwelling, Monument <By Form>, House, Agriculture And Subsistence, Farm Building, Agricultural Building, Cruck House, Timber Framed House, Timber Framed Building, Farmhouse, Barn