Spring Valley Mill

6 Jun 2002
Spring Valley Mill, Spring Valley Lane, Ardleigh, Tendring, Essex, CO7 7SB
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This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.


5/46 Spring Valley Mill 17.11.66 GV II*.

Water mill, later adapted to steam, now empty. Late C18. Timber framed and weatherboarded. Red tiled roof of 2 levels, gambrelled to road (north) with lucom at apex. Painted brick ground floor. 2 storeys and loft, lower south bays and lean-to. Cast iron overshot wheel. Road face (north) with arched braces to gabled lucom, 2 open lights under, first floor vertically sliding sash window, vertically boarded door. South face. 2:1:1 first floor small paned vertically sliding sashes, moulded surrounds. Ground floor 1:1:0 similar windows. 2 doors to north range and a door each to south range and south extension, all vertically boarded. The machinery and interior of the mill are complete but not in working order. Overshot waterwheel with cast iron frame and wrought iron buckets, fed by a cast iron trough from the mill pond. The wheel shaft, pit wheel and wallower are cast iron, but the upright shaft and great spur wheel are of wood. The great spur wheel is of the old compass-arm construction with 6 arms passing through the upright shaft. There are 3 pairs of millstones on the first floor complete with cases and hoppers etc., underdriven from the spur wheel below. All tentering gear is present. Above the stones is a wooden crown wheel and layshaft, which drove the sack hoist above and any dressing machinery the mill may have had. The roof space is partitioned into bins, and contains the sack hoist, which could act through the external sack traps or the lucom. Setting for the novel Treasure at the Mill by M. Sackville. Robert Deeves was the miller working for Bezaliel Angier of Colchester, 1796. F.H. Erith "Ardleigh in .1796", 1978. Information from V.C.

Parmenter, E.C.C. Wheelwright. Batsford Guide to Industrial Archaeology, J.

Booker, 1980. Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Listing NGR: TM0383027745


This is part of the Series: IOE\Cuffy_Kelvin IOE Records for Cuffy, Kelvin; within the Collection: IOE01 Images Of England


Copyright IoE Mr Kelvin Cuffy. Source Historic England Archive

This photograph was taken for the Images of England project

People & Organisations

Photographer: Cuffy, Kelvin

Rights Holder: Cuffy, Kelvin


Brick, Cast Iron, Tile, Timber, Weatherboard, Georgian Millstone, Industrial, Timber Framed Building, Monument <By Form>, Water Wheel, Water Power Production Site, Power Generation Site, Trough, Water Supply And Drainage, Water Storage Site, Agriculture And Subsistence, Gardens Parks And Urban Spaces, Street Furniture, Watermill, Overshot Wheel, Steam Mill, Mill, Industrial Building, Steam Power Production Site