Numbers 40 To 45 And Detached Outhouses

11 Sep 2006
Numbers 40 To 45 And Detached Outhouses, 40-45 Turnpike Road, Husborne Crawley, Mid Bedfordshire, Bedfordshire, MK43 0XB
Photograph (Digital)
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This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.

HUSBORNE CRAWLEY TURNPIKE ROAD SP 9535 12/43 Nos 40 to 45 (consecutive) and detacned outnouses 22.1.86 GV II

Row of Bedford Estate cottages erected by the 7th Duke. Dated 1854. Red brick laid in rat-trap bond. C20 tile roofs. Symmetrical one storey and attics block. 6-bay facade, central and outer bays gabled. 2nd and 5th bays with gablets. Ground floor has 2 3-light windows flanking 4 2-light windows.

Attic has 6 2-light windows. All are cast iron lattice casements under slightly cambered heads. 4 doorways, all surmounted by gabled hoods with curved brackets and drop finials. Nos 40 and 45 have porches to side elevations. Red brick multiple chimney stacks.

The 7th Duke of Bedford recognised the advantages of housing agricultural labourers in comfortable dwellings. From the late 1840's onwards the emphasis in Bedford Estate cottage building was on the utilitarian rather than the Picturesque. The cottages are remarkable for the high quality of construction at such an early date. They represent an influential contribution to the development of working class housing which culminated in the garden cities and early council housing. The Dukes of Bedford built about 500 cottages in the locality between the 1840's and World War I. This block typifies the plain but substantial dwellings of the earliest phase in this building programme, and is similar to designs in the 7th Duke's Plans and Elevations. The brickwork is an interesting example of early cavity walling (cf. note by Charles Hacker in above work). This block is part of an important linear grouping of estate cottages along a road which forms part of the boundary of Woburn Park and is included for group value.

The (7th) Duke of Bedford:Plans and Elevations of Cottages for Agricultural Labourers, London, 1850 (reprint of letter and plans sent 1849 to the Earl of Chichester, President of the Royal Agricultural Society); Tne (11th) Duke of Bedford: A Great Agricultural Estate, being the Story of the Origin and Administration of Woburn and Thorney , London, 1897; Rev. C.H. Hartshorne: The System of building Labourers' Cottages pursued on the estates of His Grace the Duke of Bedford n.d. but probably 1849.

Listing NGR: SP9593835588


This is part of the Series: IOE01/2175 IOE Records taken by Derek E Wharton; within the Collection: IOE01 Images Of England


© Mr Derek E. Wharton. Source: Historic England Archive

This photograph was taken for the Images of England project

People & Organisations

Photographer: Wharton, Derek E.

Rights Holder: Wharton, Derek E.


Brick, Tile, Victorian Estate Cottage, Domestic, House, Dwelling, Oubliette, Unassigned, Building