The Archaeology of Underground Mines and Quarries in England

By John Barnatt, Photographs by Paul Deakin

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Underground mine and quarry workings are to be found in all counties in England. This little-seen and often exciting world has workings that are different from each other in terms of what was extracted and how this was achieved. The archaeological evidence allows us to interpret what was being done and when this took place. Some places have impressive workings and these have such things as engine chambers, arched levels, deep shafts, underground canals, drainage soughs, and discarded equipment.

This book presents a detailed introduction to the underground mining and quarrying heritage in England. It reviews the many types of mineral and stone taken from the ground over several millennia and also looks at the wide range of archaeological remains that survive today and are accessible to those who venture underground. It is designed to illustrate the many and varied wonders to be found underground and give the reader ways forward should they wish to follow up their interest in particular types of extraction or what is present in their region.


  • Introduction: Mining and underground quarrying in England
  • Part 1: The character of mining and underground quarrying
    1. A diverse underground
    2. Major products
    3. Specialist/rare products
    4. Regional patterns
  • Part 2: Underground archaeology: Common themes and local diversity
    5. The archaeological evidence: A multitude of diverse features
    6. Early workings
    7. Working the product
    8. Accessing workings
    9. Other infrastructure
    10. Artefacts and inscriptions
    11. Postscript

Additional Information

  • Series: Archaeology
  • Publication Status: Completed
  • Pages: 144
  • Illustrations: 132, colour
  • ISBN: 9781848023819


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