Conserving War Memorials Case Study: Deterioration of Metal Fixings

Waterloo War Memorial, Bispham Hall, Wigan, Greater Manchester

This case study describes a conservation project to the Grade-II listed Waterloo Memorial at Bispham Hall. The memorial was in poor condition with deformation caused by ferrous cramps. Grant aid was secured from War Memorials Trust, who offered to fund 75% of the repair work costs and associated professional fees; the remaining costs were funded by the Waterloo Monument Group. Without this funding it would not have been viable to carry out the level of conservation repairs required to secure the long-term future of the monument.

This guidance is intended for those designing, specifying and undertaking conservation and repair work to free standing war memorials, such as architects, building surveyors, structural engineers, project managers, contractors, craftspeople, and conservators. It will also be of interest to those responsible for making decisions, such as local authority conservation officers, custodians or volunteer groups. It also indicates where to get further help and advice.

This guidance forms part of a series of resources produced by Historic England, to coincide with the centenary of the First World War. This series covers the overall approach to caring for these memorials, as well as some of the more poorly understood technical aspects. It includes:


  • Description and condition
  • Remedial options
  • Solution
  • Lessons learnt
  • Acknowledgements

Additional Information

  • Series: Guidance
  • Publication Status: Completed
  • Pages: 11
  • Product Code: HEAG161


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