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Pulhamite rockwork - its conservation and repair

The term 'Pulhamite' is associated with at least two different materials manufactured at different times by the Pulham family and firms associated with them.

This Technical Advice Note tells the story of James Pulham & Son and the building and planting of their rockeries and other features. It reviews common defects affecting this fascinating but ageing rockwork, and provides guidance on assessing its condition and undertaking appropriate repairs. This advice draws on the conservation expertise of consultants, both garden historians and building conservators, including those from local authorities and from Historic England (previously English Heritage). Through grant aid, the Heritage Lottery Fund (now National Lottery Heritage Fund) has helped to stimulate research and repair. A gazetteer of sites and places with Pulhamite rockwork is included at the end of the publication.

On 1 April 2015 the part of English Heritage represented on this website changed its name to Historic England. You may notice that some of our content still refers to English Heritage. We are in the process of rebranding, but in the meantime please be assured that all our content and guidance is still current.


  • Introduction
  • Rock gardening
  • James Pulham & Son
  • Pulhamite rockwork
  • Pulham sites
  • Deterioration and damage
  • Site assessment
  • Conservation, restoration and maintenance
  • Appendix A: A gazetteer of Pulham sites
  • Appendix B: Sources of advice and information
  • Glossary
  • Bibliography

Additional Information

  • Series: Guidance
  • Publication Status: Completed
  • Product Code: 51339


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