Three round barrows E of Caburn Bottom


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:


© Crown Copyright and database right 2021. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2021. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002258.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 27-Nov-2021 at 06:39:44.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

East Sussex
Lewes (District Authority)
National Park:
National Grid Reference:
TQ 44574 09281, TQ 44741 09595, TQ 44761 09586


A bowl-barrow and two ring barrows near Speaker’s Holt, 818m ENE of Pidgeon House.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. The bowl barrow and two ring barrows near Speaker’s Holt are two types of round barrow. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed). Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although levelled by ploughing the two ring barrows near Speaker’s Holt survive as buried features, which with the mound of the bowl barrow, 350m SSE, will contain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were constructed.


See Details.


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 March 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bowl barrow and two ring barrows surviving as earthworks or buried archaeological features. They are situated near the summit of a hill overlooking Caburn Bottom to the west, on the South Downs west of Glynde. The two ring barrows, nearest the summit of the hill, have been levelled by ploughing and survive as buried archaeological features. When seen in 1984 they were formed of a disc about 0.3m high surrounded by an outer ditch but with no central mound. The eastern ring barrow is 73m wide and the western barrow 84m wide. The bowl barrow is 350m SSE of the ring barrows. It survives as an earthwork formed of a roughly circular-shaped mound 10m in diameter and 0.5m high. A slight depression in the centre is thought to be the result of a partial excavation in 1819.

The area near the ring barrows was subject to partial excavation in 1819, 1922 and geophysical survey in 1994. Several cinerary urns and incense cups found north of Mount Caburn are associated with, and may have been discovered at, the site of the three round barrows. Additionally, a considerable quantity of Bronze Age, Iron Age, Romano-British and Medieval pottery sherds have been found in the vicinity.

Further archaeological remains, including round barrows, survive in the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
ES 313
Legacy System:


NMR TQ40NW10, TQ40NW15, TQ40NW14, TQ40NW80. PastScape 405867, 405882, 405881, 618807.


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].