Cross head N of Tregony Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1003096
Date first listed: 19-Nov-1965
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish: St. Mabyn
National Grid Reference: SX 06991 73373
Wayside cross in the grounds of Tregony.
Reasons for Designation
Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or 'wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the 'Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite having been moved, the wayside cross in the grounds of Tregony has very clearly defined carving and is a fine example of this type of decoration.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 December 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
This monument includes a wayside cross situated in the garden of Tregony, immediately south of the house. The cross survives as a decorated wheel head on a short length of largely buried shaft. The head is decorated on both faces in relief with an equal armed cross with expanded limbs. It was found opposite the entrance to the farm in 1939 and moved to its current position. It may have originally stood at Three Turnings, some distance to the east where it marked a route and parish boundary.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: CO 630
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:-431788
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing