Round barrow 100yds (90m) NE of Five Cross Way
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1003187
Date first listed: 24-Oct-1968
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Devon (District Authority)
National Park: EXMOOR
National Grid Reference: SS 69399 38008
A bowl barrow 120m north-east of Five Cross Way.
Reasons for Designation
Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge - whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in its height through cultivation the bowl barrow 120m north east of Five Cross Way survives well and will contain important archaeological and environmental information relating to its construction, use, territorial significance, longevity, funerary and ritual practice and general landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 November 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the upper slopes of Fullaford Down overlooking the valley of the River Bray. The barrow survives as a circular mound which measures up to 23m in diameter and 0.7m high. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived is preserved as a buried feature measuring up to 3m wide.
A second barrow in the vicinity is not included in the scheduling because it has not been formally assessed. Other more distant archaeological remains are the subject of separate schedulings.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: DV 642
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:-34495
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing