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Barn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Barn

List entry Number: 1003215

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Winterborne Clenston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Nov-1954

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DO 190

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Tithe barn 95m south west of Clenston Manor House.

Reasons for Designation

The church in medieval Britain was of vital importance in all parts of life, not just deaths, baptisms and marriages. Church services were the framework of everyday existence and the strict calendar of festivals, Saint’s Days and events laid out by church authority were pivotal. Not only were charges levied for all services provided by the church, but peasants and farmers were expected to provide labour for free and one tenth of their yearly produce to the church as a form of tax called a tithe. Failure to pay tithes was likely to result in eternity spent in Hell undergoing torment, a fate regularly re-iterated during services to ensure parishioners fully complied. The tithe normally took the form of a tenth of the harvested grain which had to be stored in specially constructed barns known as tithe barns which could be extremely grand buildings exhibiting the best aspects of local building methods and materials.

The tithe barn 95m south west of Clenston Manor House survives well and has some rare and well preserved original features including the re-used roofing timbers from a much earlier building.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 December 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a barn situated in the grounds of Clenston Manor Farm in the settlement of Winterborne Clenston on the western bank of the River Winterborne. The barn survives as a roofed cruciform plan stone building of 16th century date with the roofing timbers of a 15th century building. The building measures approximately 26m long by 9m wide, is of six bays with tall gabled central porches and the greater part of seven hammer beam roof trusses which are for the most part moulded and decorated. It has several ventilation loops, some partial weatherboarding to the gables, a 19th century chequered tile roof and in part has been repaired with brickwork. Associated with the nearby manor, it is believed the roof timbers, although of unknown providence, are re-used and perhaps originated from a monastic building at Milton Abbey. The barn is Listed Grade I.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-205796

National Grid Reference: ST 83848 03035

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2017 at 06:17:23.

End of official listing