Pinkwell long barrow
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1003354
Date first listed: 12-Aug-1949
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Cotswold (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SP 04526 10582
Long barrow 215m west of Longbarrow Farm.
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be important.
Despite reduction in the height of the mound through past cultivation and partial early excavation the long barrow 215m west of Longbarrow Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 September 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a long barrow situated on the gently undulating plateau of the Cotswold Escarpment between the valleys of tributaries to the Rivers Churn and Coln. The long barrow survives as a roughly oval mound aligned north west to south east measuring up to 55m long, 25m wide and from 0.5m to 0.8m high with its side ditches preserved entirely as buried features. Allegedly it was historically excavated and found to contain three human skeletons within a chamber at the south eastern end of the mound. It lies beside a known ancient route.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: GC 244
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing