This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Ring cairn 295m north west of Candra

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Ring cairn 295m north west of Candra

List entry Number: 1004223

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Breward

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 29-Oct-1973

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 892

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Ring cairns are ritual monuments comprising a circular bank of stones surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or boulders. Excavation has revealed the presence of pits, some containing cremation burials, within the central area. Ring cairns are contemporary with other Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC) funerary monuments on the Moor. Although no precise figure is available, current evidence indicates that there are only between 250 and 500 known examples of this monument class nationally. Ring cairns are relatively rare monuments exhibiting considerable variation in form. Despite early partial excavation or robbing, the ring cairn 295m north west of Candra survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a ring cairn, situated on the summit of a ridge known as Treswallock Downs, which forms the watershed between two tributaries to the River Camel. The ring cairn survives as a stony, circular ring bank which measures up to 19.5m in diameter externally and up to 1.5m wide. It is defined on the outer face by a kerb of horizontally-laid slabs and on the inner by a kerb of largely contiguous upright slabs. The central area contains at least six large slabs which may once have formed a vertical inner circle, but are now recumbent. The whole cairn has been subject to partial early excavation or robbing and is best preserved to the south. The cairn abuts a prehistoric coaxial field system boundary bank called a reave.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-433217

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SX 11718 78161

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004223 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Oct-2017 at 07:21:54.

End of official listing