Ring cairn 295m north west of Candra

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1004223
Date first listed:
29-Oct-1973
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Ring cairn 295m north west of Candra
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004223 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 26-Jun-2019 at 15:40:16.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
St. Breward
National Grid Reference:
SX 11718 78161

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Ring cairns are ritual monuments comprising a circular bank of stones surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or boulders. Excavation has revealed the presence of pits, some containing cremation burials, within the central area. Ring cairns are contemporary with other Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC) funerary monuments on the Moor. Although no precise figure is available, current evidence indicates that there are only between 250 and 500 known examples of this monument class nationally. Ring cairns are relatively rare monuments exhibiting considerable variation in form. Despite early partial excavation or robbing, the ring cairn 295m north west of Candra survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Details

The monument includes a ring cairn, situated on the summit of a ridge known as Treswallock Downs, which forms the watershed between two tributaries to the River Camel. The ring cairn survives as a stony, circular ring bank which measures up to 19.5m in diameter externally and up to 1.5m wide. It is defined on the outer face by a kerb of horizontally-laid slabs and on the inner by a kerb of largely contiguous upright slabs. The central area contains at least six large slabs which may once have formed a vertical inner circle, but are now recumbent. The whole cairn has been subject to partial early excavation or robbing and is best preserved to the south. The cairn abuts a prehistoric coaxial field system boundary bank called a reave.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-433217

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CO 892
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].