This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Two ring cairns 110m north east of Chycarne

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two ring cairns 110m north east of Chycarne

List entry Number: 1004317

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Just

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Nov-1970

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 732

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. The two ring cairns 110m north east of Chycarne survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, function, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two ring cairns, situated on the upper western slopes of Carn Brea. The ring cairn to the north west survives as a ring bank of approximately 5.5m in diameter defined by an inner and outer kerb of largely upright stones of up to 1.5m high. The interior area marked by a slight mound of less than 0.2m high. A central flat slab may represent a cist or a fallen kerb stone. It has also been interpreted as a possible entrance grave. The kerbed cairn to the south east survives similarly to the first measuring up to 4.4m in overall diameter with an outer kerb of almost contiguous blocks up to 0.7m high and a bank of up to 1.1m wide. The interior is less than 0.3m high with a similar central slab possibly from a cist.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-420692 and 420863

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW 38354 28075, SW 38398 28067

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004317 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 11:05:13.

End of official listing