Three bowl barrows 650m SSW of Polkerth forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004375

Date first listed: 28-Oct-1959

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 650m SSW of Polkerth forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Keverne

National Grid Reference: SW 73785 21093, SW 73798 21260, SW7360321378

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the three bowl barrows 650m SSW of Polkerth forming part of a round barrow cemetery survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows, situated on the northern slopes of Goonhilly Downs. The barrows survive as circular mounds, with central excavation hollows. They are surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which the construction material was derived. The southern mound measures 17m in diameter and 1.6m high and has been cut slightly on one side. The eastern mound measures 14m in diameter and 1.3m high and is surrounded by small surface stone quarries. The northern mound measures 19m in diameter and 1.6m high and is also surrounded by quarries. All three barrows were first recorded by R Thomas in 1851.

Further barrows which form part of the same round barrow cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-427410, 427473 and 427476

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 562

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing