Bowl barrow 780m east of Penventon

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004434

Date first listed: 30-Jan-1957

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 780m east of Penventon
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Broadoak

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Pinnock

National Grid Reference: SX 17413 62174

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the bowl barrow 780m east of Penventon survives well and its later re-use as a known landmark for a parish boundary indicates its continuing significance through time as a territorial marker. It will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, ritual and funerary practices, social organisation and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated at the summit of a ridge forming the watershed between the valleys of a tributary to the River Fowey and a tributary to the West Looe River. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 25m in diameter and 3.2m high. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, is preserved as a buried feature. There is a central hollow caused by early partial excavation or robbing. The barrow is on the parish boundary between St Pinnock and Braddock. It is known locally as 'Red Barrow'. This barrow is an outlier to a larger round barrow cemetery situated on a branching ridge. The other barrows within the cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-432666

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 442

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing