Four bowl barrows 445m north of Buttern Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1005450

Date first listed: 20-Aug-1976

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four bowl barrows 445m north of Buttern Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Week St. Mary

National Grid Reference: SX2702494363, SX2704294672, SX2712894697, SX2727594762

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the heights of the mounds through cultivation, the four bowl barrows 445m north of Buttern Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into four areas of protection, includes four bowl barrows, situated at the summit of a prominent ridge, overlooking the valley of a tributary to the Caudworthy Water. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which their construction material was derived. The barrows are arranged in a close group of three to the north with a single outlying barrow to the south. The southern barrow measures 18m in diameter and 0.4m high. Of the northern group the western barrow stands up to 40m in diameter and 1.7m high and was named 'High Moor Barrow' in 1803 - 7. The central barrow is 28m in diameter and 0.4m high, and the eastern mound is 29m in diameter and 1.5m high. All of the barrows have a smooth surface appearance.



Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-436555, 436558 and 436564

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 965

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing