Round barrow E of Downbarn West
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1005624
Date first listed: 08-Apr-1955
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2018 at 16:44:35.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: SU 17511 36381
Bowl barrow 655m north-west of Gomeldon Farm.
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation or robbing the bowl barrow 655m north west of Gomeldon Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 16 July 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.
This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the upper south west facing slopes of a prominent ridge overlooking rolling countryside and the distant valley of the River Bourne. The barrow survives as a circular mound which measures up to 22m in diameter and 1.3m high with a 3m wide and up to 0.5m deep surrounding quarry ditch from which the construction material was derived. There is a central excavation hollow in the mound.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: WI 355
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
Wiltshire HER SU13NE609
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing