Iron Age defended settlement 500m north west of Higher Trevinnick

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006661

Date first listed: 22-Mar-1932

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Iron Age defended settlement 500m north west of Higher Trevinnick
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Kew

National Grid Reference: SX 00807 78746

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart through past cultivation and partial excavation, the Iron Age defended settlement 500m north west of Higher Trevinnick survives comparatively well and is one of a rare group of monuments it will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, development, territorial significance, social organisation, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement, situated on the upper north eastern slopes of a ridge forming the watershed between a tributary to the River Camel and an unnamed river leading to Port Isaac. The settlement survives as a rectangular enclosure defined by a low rampart and largely buried outer ditch of up to 0.7m deep. There is an entrance on the east side. Partial excavations by Fox and Ravenhill in the late-1960's showed the interior to have been artificially levelled. It had a clay-built rampart and some interior features interpreted as stock pens or possible hut circles. Finds from the settlement included pottery, a spindle whorl and a pounder. It appeared to be a predominantly agricultural settlement. Crop marks of field boundaries have been identified both within and outside the enclosed area.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-431661

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 185

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing