Two bowl barrows 670m south east of Beckhampton Buildings, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Horton Down


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:


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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SU 07974 67830

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of monuments will provide important information on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been partly disturbed by quarrying, the two bowl barrows 670m south east of Beckhampton Buildings, form part of a wider group which includes a rare bell barrow. Both will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction and the landscape in which they were built.


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned east-west which form part of a group of four Bronze Age round barrows on Horton Down. The eastern barrow has a mound which measures 21m in diameter and stands up to 0.8m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has been partly infilled over the years and has been destroyed by quarrying on the north eastern side of the barrow. However, it survives on the other three sides as a shallow feature 3m wide and 0.4m deep. The western barrow has a mound which measures 10m in diameter and stands up to 0.6m high. This barrow has suffered slight mutilation from quarrying. There is no sign of the surrounding quarry ditch at ground level but it is believed to have been approximately 2m wide and to have become infilled over the years.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Stored by SMR, CAO, A17/219060, (1983)
SU 06 NE 88 C, RCHM(E), Bowl barrow, (1973)
SU 06 NE 88 d, RCHM(E), A Round Barrow, (1973)
SU06NE641, CAO, Bowl barrow, (1989)
SU06NE642, CAO, Ditched bowl barrow, (1989)


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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