Two bowl barrows on Newbarn Down within the area of Brighstone Forest
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2021 at 23:13:34.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
- Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
- Calbourne, Newtown and Porchfield
- National Grid Reference:
- SZ 43410 84908
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite evidence for partial excavation of the larger barrow, the bowl barrows on Newbarn Down survive well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were constructed. These barrows are amongst a number which survive in the area of Brighstone Forest.
The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned east-west and situated on a
north facing slope, in an area of chalk downland. From east to west, the
mounds have diameters of 22m and 10m and are 3.5m and 1m high respectively.
Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. The ditch of the larger barrow has become largely infilled over
the years but can be seen as a slight depression 2.5m wide and 0.2m deep. The
ditch of the smaller barrow can no longer be seen at ground level, but
survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
There is a central depression in the top of the larger barrow mound indicative of an antiquarian excavation.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 205
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing