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Two bowl barrows on Newbarn Down within the area of Brighstone Forest

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows on Newbarn Down within the area of Brighstone Forest

List entry Number: 1007802

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Brighstone

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Calbourne

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Nov-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jul-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21982

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.



Despite evidence for partial excavation of the larger barrow, the bowl barrows on Newbarn Down survive well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were constructed. These barrows are amongst a number which survive in the area of Brighstone Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned east-west and situated on a north facing slope, in an area of chalk downland. From east to west, the mounds have diameters of 22m and 10m and are 3.5m and 1m high respectively. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. The ditch of the larger barrow has become largely infilled over the years but can be seen as a slight depression 2.5m wide and 0.2m deep. The ditch of the smaller barrow can no longer be seen at ground level, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

There is a central depression in the top of the larger barrow mound indicative of an antiquarian excavation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 205

National Grid Reference: SZ 43410 84908

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007802 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Oct-2017 at 12:14:12.

End of official listing