Bowl barrow known as 'Black Barrow': 670m NNE of Longstone Farmhouse

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007805
Date first listed:
11-Jul-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow known as 'Black Barrow': 670m NNE of Longstone Farmhouse
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Brighstone
National Grid Reference:
SZ 41513 84190

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow, known as 'Black Barrow', survives well and, never having been excavated, will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed. This is by far the largest and most unusual barrow on the island and one of only very few situated on Greensand.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on Greensand to the south of a chalk ridge. The barrow lies on a natural rise within a valley setting with commanding views to the south east and north east. The barrow has a mound which measures c.48m east-west and c.52m north-south and is c.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become partly infilled over the years but can still be seen at ground level as a depression 4m wide and 0.3m deep. Beyond the ditch to the north of the barrow is a counterscarp 5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
21985
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 3, (1940), 189,203

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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