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Moated site and three ponds at Parsonage Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and three ponds at Parsonage Farm

List entry Number: 1007841

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Uttlesford

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wimbish

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Nov-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20712

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat at Parsonage Farm remains essentially undisturbed and as such will retain archaeological information relating to the occupation of the monument. The water-filled ditches will retain environmental evidence pertaining to the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site and three ponds situated on high ground 1.8km south-west of All Saints Church, Wimbish. The moated site is sub-rectangular in shape and measures 90m north-south by 75m east-west. The arms are water-filled in parts and are between 6m and 10m wide. A brick built bridge 5m wide gives access to the island across the southern arm and a wooden and iron footbridge also crosses the eastern arm. A wooden footbridge crosses the western arm of the moat. Foundations of the original house are preserved on the island and incorporated into the foundations of the present house, which dates to the 19th century. There are three fishponds associated with the moated site. One to the south is water-filled and measures 30m north-south by 14m east-west. It was originally connected to the moat by a drainage channel which has been infilled and is no longer visible at ground level. This channel is, however, preserved as a buried feature. The second pond is east of the moat and measures 40m NE- SW by 30m NW-SE. It is connected to the north-east corner of the moat by a channel, 2m wide, and, though waterlogged, has a lower water-level than the moat. The third pond is visible as a shallow depression 10m west of the moat. It is crescent shaped and measures 16m east-west by a maximum of 6m north- south. This pond was also connected to the moat by a channel which is visible as a shallow depression 2m wide and approximately 0.5m deep. Other earthworks in the field immediately west of the moat are thought to be drainage channels and are not included in the scheduling. The site is mentioned in the Court Rolls of 1392 as Personeslane. The present house, outhouses, bridges and garden walls, which occupy the site at present, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them, including the foundations of the original house, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935)

National Grid Reference: TL 57945 35375

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007841 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2017 at 06:14:27.

End of official listing