Round barrow 350m south-east of Low Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007852

Date first listed: 13-Jan-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 350m south-east of Low Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Garton

National Grid Reference: SE 96598 58492

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although this barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural activity, below ground remains of the encircling ditch and the contents of unexcavated grave pits will survive intact. It will also contribute to an understanding of the wider group of which it is a member.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow, part of a wider group in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. Although altered by agricultural activity and no longer identifiable as a surface feature, the circular outline of a buried ditch surrounding the mound is visible on aerial photographs and has an outside diameter of 26m. Below ground features such as the ditch and burial pits are thought to survive. The 19th century antiquarian J R Mortimer partially excavated the barrow mound in September 1872. A central grave four feet deep was found to contain the crouched skeletons of a woman and also a man accompanied by two flint knives and a jet stud. Several other bodies were also found; those of an old person, a young woman accompanied by a bronze awl, and another crouched adult skeleton.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21210

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 216-8
Other
4331, Dent, J,

End of official listing