Bowl barrow: part of Leatherhead Down round barrow cemetery
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 01-Dec-2021 at 09:56:17.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Mole Valley (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- TQ 18532 54647
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
One of only three surviving of an originally larger cemetery, the bowl barrow on Leatherhead Down survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the cemetery of which it formed a part and the landscape in which the cemetery was constructed.
The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on a broad east-west spur in an
area of chalk downland, forming part of a round barrow cemetery which once
contained at least seven barrows, three of which survive. The barrow has a
mound 20m north-south by 15m east-west which survives to a height of 1m.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level having
become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Poulton, R, O'Connell, M G, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Recent Discoveries South Of Tyrell's Wood Golf Course Near Leatherhead, , Vol. 75, (1984), 289-292
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing