Bowl barrow: part of Leatherhead Down round barrow cemetery


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007886

Date first listed: 13-Jan-1995


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow: part of Leatherhead Down round barrow cemetery
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Mole Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Mickleham

National Grid Reference: TQ 18532 54647

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

One of only three surviving of an originally larger cemetery, the bowl barrow on Leatherhead Down survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the cemetery of which it formed a part and the landscape in which the cemetery was constructed.


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on a broad east-west spur in an area of chalk downland, forming part of a round barrow cemetery which once contained at least seven barrows, three of which survive. The barrow has a mound 20m north-south by 15m east-west which survives to a height of 1m. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20179

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Poulton, R, O'Connell, M G, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Recent Discoveries South Of Tyrell's Wood Golf Course Near Leatherhead, , Vol. 75, (1984), 289-292

End of official listing