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Bowl barrow 70m north of Green Street and east of the Avebury henge monument

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 70m north of Green Street and east of the Avebury henge monument

List entry Number: 1008105

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Avebury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Aug-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 27-Jun-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21738

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 70m north of Green Street survives as a visible monument which, despite having been reduced by cultivation and partially excavated, will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a west facing slope 70m north of Green Street and east of the Avebury henge monument. The barrow forms part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery containing at least ten barrows. The barrow survives as a low earthwork mound which has been spread by cultivation to a diameter of 21m and which stands up to 1.1m high. This area includes what was recorded in the 19th century as a 15m diameter barrow mound which has spread across the surrounding quarry ditch from which material was taken during the mound's construction. The ditch survives beneath the spread mound as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow was partially excavated in 1849 by Merewether who found two shallow sarsen cists which contained burnt bones. These burials, which were in the upper part of the mound and were not centrally placed, are considered to be later insertions. At the time of the excavation, the surface of the mound was littered with iron nails and 84 Roman coins were found buried immediately below the turf (on its south east side). According to records from the mid- 19th century, this was the north western of two barrows which were close together and aligned north west to south east. No evidence of this second barrow survives above ground but there may be buried remains beneath the present ground surface.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, A C, Ancient Wiltshire, (1885)
Merewether, J, 'Proceedings Archaeological Institute Salisbury' in Note, , Vol. 86 No 10, (1849)
Other
SU 17 SW 11, RCHM(E), Tumulus, (1975)
SU 17 SW 624, CAO, Two very low barrows, (1989)
Williams, S M, WI 306, (1983)

National Grid Reference: SU 11682 70695

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008105 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 08:29:15.

End of official listing