Grange bowl barrow 130m north west of The Grange Stables bell barrow, Beckhampton

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008124

Date first listed: 08-Aug-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Grange bowl barrow 130m north west of The Grange Stables bell barrow, Beckhampton
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Avebury

National Grid Reference: SU 08338 69278

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of monuments will provide important information on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Grange bowl barrow survives as an earthwork and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 130m north west of The Grange Stables bell barrow. It is located on an east-facing slope overlooking the Long Stones long barrow and the Beckhampton round barrow cemetery. The barrow has been reduced by cultivation in the past but survives above ground as a low mound c.20m in diameter and 0.5m high. The barrow mound was originally wider and taller and its base survives below the present ground surface with an overall diameter of c.26m. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was taken during its construction. This ditch has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21732

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SU 06 NE 81, Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, Tumulus north of the Grange, (1973)
SU06NE651, CAO, Bowl barrow, (1983)

End of official listing