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Two bowl barrows 190m south east of Blackcap

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 190m south east of Blackcap

List entry Number: 1008160

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes

District Type: District Authority

Parish: East Chiltington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Mar-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jul-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24385

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the two bowl barrows 190m south east of Blackcap survive well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a pair of bowl barrows orientated north-south and situated on a ridge of the Sussex Downs near the summit of Blackcap. The most southerly of the pair is the largest, with a circular mound 8.6m in diameter, surviving to a height of 0.45m. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests that the barrow may have been partially excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct it was excavated. Although this is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, it survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. One metre north of the large mound, and partly overlying its buried ditch, is a second barrow with a circular mound 5.3m in diameter and 0.35m high. A small hollow in the centre suggests that this mound has also been partially excavated. The smaller mound is also surrounded by a buried ditch c.1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 258

National Grid Reference: TQ 37566 12405

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008160 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 09:36:37.

End of official listing