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Medieval farmstead, 650m north west of Clennell

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval farmstead, 650m north west of Clennell

List entry Number: 1008280

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Biddlestone

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 29-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25021

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Farmsteads, normally occupied by only one or two families and comprising small groups of buildings with attached yards, gardens and enclosures, were a characteristic feature of the medieval rural landscape. They occur throughout the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the region. In some areas of dispersed settlement they were the predominant settlement form; elsewhere they existed alongside, or were components of, more nucleated settlement patterns. The sites of many farmsteads have been occupied down to the present day but others were abandoned as a result of, for example, declining economic viability, enclosure or emparkment, or epidemics like the Black Death. In the northern border areas, recurring cross-border raids and military activities also disrupted agricultural life and led to abandonments. Farmsteads are a common and long-lived monument type; the archaeological deposits on those which were abandoned are often well-preserved and provide important information on regional and national settlement patterns and farming economies, and on changes in these through time.

The farmstead 650m north west of Clennell survives well and retains significant archaeological deposits. It will add to our understanding and knowledge of medieval rural settlement in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a farmstead of medieval date situated upon gentle east facing slopes above the River Alwin. It is visible as four irregular contiguous enclosures and the remains of two rectangular houses. The enclosures are bounded by earthen banks 4m wide which stand to a height of 0.7m. The largest of the four enclosures measures a maximum of 17m by 21m and the smallest 8m by 6m. The rectangular houses are attached to the outside of the most easterly enclosure and measure 4m by 6m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
NT 90 NW 22,
RAF 106G/UK 628/3250-57, (1945)

National Grid Reference: NT 92212 07359

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008280 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 11:58:19.

End of official listing