Bowl barrow 30m south of Round Copse

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008305

Date first listed: 19-Jan-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 30m south of Round Copse
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Calbourne

National Grid Reference: SZ 44700 87310

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation in 1827 and 1854, the bowl barrow south of Round Copse survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow is an isolated example standing apart from the group of barrows on Newbarn Down to the south.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the crest of a hill in an undulating downland setting. To the west the land falls away steeply to a narrow valley. The barrow has a mound which measures 20m east-west and 19m north-south and is c.1.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground level, but survives as a buried feature c.4m wide. The mound was partially excavated by J Denett in 1827 when a cremation was found, and reopened by Hillier in 1854 but no further finds were made.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22003

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Dennett, J, 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Association Winchester, (1845), 155-6
Hillier, , 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Association Winchester, , Vol. XI, (), 35

End of official listing