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Bell barrow 300m south-east of Avebury Down Barn forming part of a Bronze Age round barrow cemetery on Avebury Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bell barrow 300m south-east of Avebury Down Barn forming part of a Bronze Age round barrow cemetery on Avebury Down

List entry Number: 1008365

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Avebury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Feb-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21749

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bell barrow 300m south-east of Avebury Down Barn is a well preserved example of a rare class of monument, forming part of a nationally important round barrow cemetery. The barrow is unusual in the Avebury area as it does not appear to have been excavated in the past. Undisturbed archaeological and environmental evidence will survive, relating to the construction of the barrow and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow 300m south-east of Avebury Down Barn which forms an outlier of a Bronze Age round barrow cemetery, the other four barrows of which are located to the east. The barrow is situated on a spur overlooking the Kennet valley and facing the Windmill Hill round barrow cemetery 2km to the west. The barrow survives as an upstanding monument, the mound of which measures 24m in diameter and stands up to 2.4m high. There is a slight depression in the summit of the mound made by animal burrowing rather than by previous excavations. The mound is surrounded by a narrow berm or platform c.0.5m wide, and beyond that a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years due to cultivation. However, it will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SU 17 SW 56, RCHM(E), SU11057093 Tumulus, (1975)
SU06NE640, CAO, Bell barrow, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SU 11057 70927

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 12:53:07.

End of official listing