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Saucer barrow 250m east of Windmill Hill: part of the Windmill Hill round barrow cemetery

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Saucer barrow 250m east of Windmill Hill: part of the Windmill Hill round barrow cemetery

List entry Number: 1008451

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Avebury

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Winterbourne Monkton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-May-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21712

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

The saucer barrow 250m east of Windmill Hill is one of a group of barrows spread across the slope to the south-east of Windmill Hill and which overlook Avebury and the River Kennet. Despite cultivation and partial excavation in 1849, the barrow survives as an earthwork and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a saucer barrow, surviving as a low earthwork, set on a gentle south-east facing slope overlooking both the Kennet Valley and the village of Avebury. The barrow has a mound 30m across and c.0.3m high. Surrounding this is a ditch, from which material was quarried during the monument's construction, and an outer bank. The ditch has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The 2m wide bank has been levelled by cultivation although the Bronze Age ground surface will survive below the present ploughsoil. The site was partially excavated in 1849 by Merewether who found a crouched inhumation burial. Excluded from the scheduling is the fence running across the northern edge of the area; the ground beneath this feature is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SMR SU07SE613, CAO, Round Barrow (SU07SE613), (1989)
SU 07 SE 15B, RCHM(E), Avebury 46, (1973)

National Grid Reference: SU 09142 71267

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008451 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 06:05:41.

End of official listing