Bowl barrow immediately west of the Ridgeway, 400m north east of its junction with Green Street

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008500

Date first listed: 17-Feb-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Sep-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow immediately west of the Ridgeway, 400m north east of its junction with Green Street
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Avebury

National Grid Reference: SU 12609 71258

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of monuments will provide important information on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow immediately west of the Ridgeway is well documented and, despite reduction by cultivation and partial excavation, it will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to its construction and to the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow immediately west of the Ridgeway, 400m north east of its junction with Green Street. The barrow mound has been reduced by cultivation but survives as a low mound c.16m in diameter and up to 0.1m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This is no longer visible at ground level but will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide. When visited in 1956, prior to being reduced by cultivation, this barrow had a hollow centre which suggests that it was partially excavated by an antiquarian during the last century. Further partial excavation was undertaken in 1960; the finds are housed in Devizes Museum.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21740

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, 'A History of Wiltshire' in A History of Wiltshire, , Vol. 1 pt 1, (1957)
Other
SU06NE651, CAO, Bowl barrow, (1983)
SU17SW672, Jeffery, PP and King, R, Avebury Management 305, (1989)

End of official listing