Bowl barrow on Fitzhall Rough, 330m ENE of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008503
Date first listed:
18-Oct-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Fitzhall Rough, 330m ENE of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
West Sussex
District:
Chichester (District Authority)
Parish:
Stedham with Iping
National Park:
SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference:
SU 85107 21247

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 330m ENE of Fitzhall, part of Fitzhall Rough round barrow cemetery, survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, part of a linear round barrow cemetery situated on a Greensand ridge 3km to the north of the South Downs. The complete cemetery consists of five bowl barrows running in a line WSW-ENE. The barrows at the west end of the cemetery are closely grouped while the eastern two are more dispersed. The bowl barrow 330m ENE of Fitzhall consists of a central mound measuring 25m north-south and 21m east-west standing at a height of 1.4m. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
20037
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SE 2B, (1949)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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