Bowl barrow 660m south of Chaldon Down Buildings: part of the Chaldon Down round barrow cemetery
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Jul-2019 at 13:23:25.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Purbeck (District Authority)
- Chaldon Herring
- National Grid Reference:
- SY 78373 81255
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Despite partial excavation and ploughing over many years, the bowl barrow on Chaldon Down is known to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow is one of a number which survive on the chalk downland of Chaldon Down.
The monument includes a bowl barrow forming part of a wider round barrow
cemetery, situated on chalk downland above the Dorset coast. The barrow lies
on the crest of a hill with views to the north, west and east over Chaldon
Down, and the sea to the south.
The barrow mound measures 23m north-south, 21.2m east-west and is 0.4m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be
seen at ground level. It does, however, survive as a buried feature c.4m
wide. The barrow was partially excavated in 1969, when finds included
Bronze Age pottery and evidence for occupation of the site prior to the
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, , County of Dorset , (1970)
White, D A, 'Proceedings of the Dorset Nat History and Archaeological Society' in The Excavation Of Three Round Barrows On Chaldon Down, 1969, , Vol. 95, (1973)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing