Three round barrows 500m south west of Far House

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008590
Date first listed:
08-Feb-1968
Date of most recent amendment:
24-Oct-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three round barrows 500m south west of Far House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
North Yorkshire
District:
Ryedale (District Authority)
Parish:
Hawnby
National Park:
NORTH YORK MOORS
National Grid Reference:
SE 51420 93195

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

These barrows have survived well as a group. Significant information about the original form, burials placed within them and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mounds will be preserved, as will any burials lying in the archaeologically sensitive intervening ground. There are similar groups of barrows clustered in this area of the Hambleton Hills which are thought to mark a prehistoric boundary as well as being funerary monuments. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the north and central areas of the North York Moors providing important insight into burial practice and the use of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

Details

The monument includes three round barrows forming a triangle, situated on the lower slopes of the north flank of Arden Great Moor. The northern barrow has a well defined earth and stone mound standing 0.9m high. It is round in shape and 8m in diameter. The centre of the mound has been dug into in the past. The eastern barrow has a large, well defined mound standing 0.9m high. It is round in shape and is 11m in diameter. The western barrow has a mound 0.6m high. It is round in shape and 7m in diameter. Each of these mounds was encircled by a ditch up to 3m wide which have become filled in over the years and are no longer visible as earthworks. This monument is one of many similar examples on this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of these lie in closely associated groups. They provide evidence of territorial organisation marking divisions of land, divisions which still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
25506
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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