Bowl barrow at Shirley Holms, 640m east-north-east of Little Purley Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008769

Date first listed: 13-May-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jul-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at Shirley Holms, 640m east-north-east of Little Purley Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Sway

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SZ 29450 98574

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow at Shirley Holms, 640m east-north- east of Little Purley Farm, survives comparatively well within the New Forest, an area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the brow of an east facing slope overlooking Milking Pound Bottom. The barrow mound measures 12m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound represents the location of a partial excavation carried out in the 18th century. This work revealed the old ground surface and a Bronze Age pot containing a cremation burial. Surrounding the mound is a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow. This has become partly infilled over the years, but survives as an earthwork 1.5m wide and 0.3m deep.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20328

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Warner, R, Topographical Remarks Relating to the SW Parts of Hampshire, (1793), 70-9
Other
Hampshire County Planning Department, SZ29NE24A,

End of official listing