Two round barrows 250m south west of Green Bank


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008855

Date first listed: 26-Aug-1994


Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows 250m south west of Green Bank
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Bilsdale Midcable

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Great Busby


National Grid Reference: NZ 52383 02990


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance both these barrows have survived well. Significant information about the original form, burials placed within them and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mounds will be preserved. The inclusion of a cup-marked stone is unusual for this area; the significance of these markings is not yet fully understood. The monument is part of a group of barrows clustered on this part of the Hambleton Hills thought to mark a prehistoric boundary. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the northern and central areas of the North York Moors providing important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two round barrows, one lying north of the other, situated in a prominent position on the northern edge of the Hambleton Hills. The northern barrow has a well defined earth and stone mound standing 0.7m high. It is round in shape and is 15m in diameter. The centre of the mound has been dug into in the past. Three large stones are exposed on the northern side of the mound. The southern barrow has a large well defined mound standing 0.75m high. It is round in shape and is 12.5m in diameter. A number of large kerb stones surrounding the mound are visible. One of these, the Three Lords' Stone, has a number of cup marks, of prehistoric date, incised upon it. An old excavation has left a hollow from the southern flank to the centre. Both these mounds were each encircled by a ditch up to 3m wide which has become filled-in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. This monument is one of many similar examples on this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of these lie in closely associated groups, particularly along the watersheds. They provide evidence of territorial organisation marking divisions of land, divisions which still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25523

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)

End of official listing