Bowl barrow on Lavington Common, 540m east of Main Wood Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009041

Date first listed: 18-Dec-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Lavington Common, 540m east of Main Wood Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Duncton

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: East Lavington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 95202 19147

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite slight damage caused by the construction of a boundary bank and ditch across the monument, the bowl barrow 540m east of Main Wood Cottage survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental information relating both to the monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a rise in the Greensand to the north of the South Downs. The barrow is visible as a central mound which measures 16m in diameter and 1.2m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. A later boundary ditch and bank run across the eastern edge of the mound in a north-south direction.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20074

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, SU91NE27, (1971)

End of official listing