Bowl barrow on Willingdon Hill, 450m south-west of the South Downs Way

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009082

Date first listed: 19-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Oct-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Willingdon Hill, 450m south-west of the South Downs Way
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Eastbourne (District Authority)

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 57393 00581

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow on Willingdon Hill 450m south-west of the South Downs Way survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a ridge in area of chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound 13m in diameter and 1m high which has a slight hollow in the centre suggesting that it was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years, but now survives as a buried feature c.2.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20134

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 273

End of official listing