Bowl barrow 640m SSW of Saxondown Farm: part of a round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009100

Date first listed: 15-Apr-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Nov-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 640m SSW of Saxondown Farm: part of a round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009100 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 09:27:36.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: Kingston Near Lewes

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 38624 07652

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow 640m SSW of Saxondown Farm survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of an original group of five, forming a linear round barrow cemetery aligned east-west along the crest of a ridge of chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound 10m in diameter and 0.7m high with a central depression which suggests that it was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and is now only visible as a slight change in the vegetation, caused by increased moisture in the area of the ditch which survives as a buried feature to a width of c.2m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20111

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 264
Other
Title: TQ30NE19 Source Date: 1972 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing