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Deserted medieval farmstead and associated earthworks 300m north west of Chalkhill Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Deserted medieval farmstead and associated earthworks 300m north west of Chalkhill Farm

List entry Number: 1009164

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Temple Guiting

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Feb-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Jun-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22913

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Farmsteads, normally occupied by only one or two families and comprising small groups of buildings with attached yards, gardens and enclosures, were a characteristic feature of the medieval rural landscape. They occur throughout the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the region. In some areas of dispersed settlement they were the predominant settlement form; elsewhere they existed alongside, or were components of, more nucleated settlement patterns. The sites of many farmsteads have been occupied down to the present day but others were abandoned as a result of, for example, declining economic viability, enclosure or emparkment, or epidemics like the Black Death. In the northern border areas, recurring cross-border raids and military activities also disrupted agricultural life and led to abandonments. Farmsteads are a common and long-lived monument type; the archaeological deposits on those which were abandoned are often well-preserved and provide important information on regional and national settlement patterns and farming economies, and on changes in these through time.

The deserted medieval farmstead 300m north west of Chalkhill Farm survives well and is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence. Such evidence will provide an indication of the status of the site's occupants, their economy and the landscape in which they lived. The site's low-level setting and the proximity of a stream nearby may ensure the survival of waterlogged and organic remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a deserted medieval farmstead and associated earthworks situated within the base of a dry valley 300m north west of Chalkhill Farm, in an area of the Cotswold Hills. The deserted medieval farmstead, generally known as the Chalk Hill medieval site, is bounded by a circuit of field banks 3m-5m wide and c.0.4m-0.6m high. These enclose a sub-rectangular area 70m from north to south and 100m from east to west. Within the central and eastern areas of this there are two smaller rectilinear enclosures. The eastern example has banks 4m wide and c.0.5m high; it is orientated from east to west and has dimensions of 30m by 5m. The western example is orientated from north to south and has banks of a similar size enclosing an area of 20m by 8m. The area between the two enclosures includes additional linear features c.0.04m high which are likely to have been walls or field banks. To the south of the western enclosure is a mound c.0.8m high and 10m in diameter which may represent a windmill mound. The eastern enclosure was partially excavated in 1957. It was found to have an interior 9m long and 4.2m wide and drystone walls varying in width between 0.9m and 1.6m. The walls were composed of thin slabs of Stonesfield slate which was available locally. The west wall survived to a height of 20 stone courses and the eastern wall to a height of 18 stone courses. The remains of a base of a window 0.45m long were identified in the eastern wall. The structure was situated upon a clay base and there were two layers of pitched stone foundations with a floor of paved flagstones above. Finds from the site include sherds of 12th or 13th century pottery, animal bones, 13th century glazed ridge tiles and stone roofing tiles. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts and gates relating to the field boundaries, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Baldwyn, and O`Neil, A Medieval Site At Chalk Hill, Temple Guiting, Gloucester 1957, (1958)
Baldwyn, and O`Neil, A Medieval Site At Chalk Hill, Temple Guiting, Gloucester 1957, (1958)
Baldwyn, and O`Neil, A Medieval Site At Chalk Hill, Temple Guiting, Gloucester 1957, (1958)
Baldwyn, and O`Neil, A Medieval Site At Chalk Hill, Temple Guiting, Gloucester 1957, (1958)
Baldwyn, and O`Neil, A Medieval Site At Chalk Hill, Temple Guiting, Gloucester 1957, (1958)
Baldwyn, and O`Neil, A Medieval Site At Chalk Hill, Temple Guiting, Gloucester 1957, (1958)
Baldwyn, and O`Neil, A Medieval Site At Chalk Hill, Temple Guiting, Gloucester 1957, (1958)
Field banks enclosing farmstead,

National Grid Reference: SP 12738 26298

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009164 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 03:43:23.

End of official listing