This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Two kerbed platform cairns on Wingletang Down, 110m north east of Wingletang Carn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two kerbed platform cairns on Wingletang Down, 110m north east of Wingletang Carn

List entry Number: 1009259

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isles of Scilly

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Agnes

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Oct-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Oct-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15332

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Isles of Scilly, the westernmost of the granite masses of south west England, contain a remarkable abundance and variety of archaeological remains from over 4000 years of human activity. The remote physical setting of the islands, over 40km beyond the mainland in the approaches to the English Channel, has lent a distinctive character to those remains, producing many unusual features important for our broader understanding of the social development of early communities. Throughout the human occupation there has been a gradual submergence of the islands' land area, providing a stimulus to change in the environment and its exploitation. This process has produced evidence for responses to such change against an independent time-scale, promoting integrated studies of archaeological, environmental and linguistic aspects of the islands' settlement. The islands' archaeological remains demonstrate clearly the gradually expanding size and range of contacts of their communities. By the post- medieval period (from AD 1540), the islands occupied a nationally strategic location, resulting in an important concentration of defensive works reflecting the development of fortification methods and technology from the mid 16th to the 20th centuries. An important and unusual range of post- medieval monuments also reflects the islands' position as a formidable hazard for the nation's shipping in the western approaches. The exceptional preservation of the archaeological remains on the islands has long been recognised, producing an unusually full and detailed body of documentation, including several recent surveys. Platform cairns are funerary monuments of Early Bronze Age date (c.2000-1600 BC). They were constructed as low flat-topped mounds of stone rubble, up to 40m in external diameter though usually considerably smaller, covering single or multiple burials. Some examples have other features, including peripheral banks and internal mounds constructed on the platform. A kerb of slabs or edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edge of the platform, and a peripheral bank or mound if present. Platform cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in cairn cemeteries. In cemeteries they are normally found alongside cairns of other types. Platform cairns form a significant proportion of the 387 surviving cairns on the Isles of Scilly; this is unusual in comparison with the mainland. All surviving examples on the Isles of Scilly are considered worthy of protection.

These platform cairns on Wingletang Down have survived well; the deposition of a small quantity of additional stone on the south western cairn has not produced any evident disturbance to its internal features. The natural outcrop and the cist incorporated into the respective mounds of these two cairns are distinctive features found in certain other cairns on the Isles of Scilly but unusual and rare in platform cairns nationally. The presence of these cairns in a dispersed group containing various other classes of cairn shows the diversity of funerary activity during the Bronze Age. The relationships between this cairn group, the nearby prehistoric field systems and the topography on St Agnes demonstrate well the nature of land use among prehistoric communities and the organisation of funerary and farming activities.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details



The monument includes two prehistoric kerbed platform cairns, one of which incorporates a natural outcrop, situated in the eastern part of Wingletang Down on St Agnes in the Isles of Scilly. The cairns are located 10m apart on a north east to south west axis.

The north eastern platform cairn survives with a circular mound of heaped rubble, 5.5m in diameter, rising 0.25m to a flattened platform. The platform supports a smaller mound, located slightly east of the platform centre, measuring 2.5m in diameter and rising 0.15m from the platform surface. A large natural granite outcrop, measuring 3.2m north west to south east by 2.75m north east to south west, extends across the northern part of the cairn from the northern edge of the central mound to the perimeter of the cairn. A kerb of spaced small blocks, up to 0.2m high, is visible along the southern edges of the cairn's mound.

The south western cairn survives with a sub-circular mound of heaped rubble, measuring 6.5m east-west by 6m north-south, rising 0.35m to a flattened platform, 4m in diameter, whose perimeter is defined by a kerb of spaced slabs, up to 1m long, lying flat on the mound. The kerb's south west sector incorporates an additional feature forming a box-like burial structure called a cist. The cist measures 1m north west to south east by 0.8m north east to south west overall. Its north east side is formed by a single edge-set slab, 0.6m long and 0.3m high, on the line of the kerb. The south west side of the cist is formed by a row of smaller edge-set slabs totalling 1m long and 0.2m high. These sides give the cist an internal width of 0.2m, slightly hollowed and open at both ends. A relatively recent deposit of additional material is evident at this structure in the form of a scatter of slate fragments, some bearing traces of mortar, and several pieces of freshly-fractured stone.

These cairns form part of a group containing at least 44 cairns of various types dispersed about the heathland and abundant granite outcrops of Wingletang Down, the broad southern peninsula of St Agnes. Prehistoric field systems border the northern edges of the Down, partly incorporating several cairns towards the north east edge of this cairn group. Another large and diverse cairn group occupies the southern part of Gugh, 450m north east of Wingletang Down.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Russell, V, Isles of Scilly Survey, (1980)
Russell, V, Isles of Scilly Survey, (1980)
Other
consulted 1993, Waters, A., AM 107 for Cornwall SMR entry PRN 7016.05, (1988)
consulted 1993, Waters, A., AM 107 for Cornwall SMR entry PRN 7016.06, (1988)
consulted 1993, Waters, A., AM 107s for Cornwall SMR entries PRN 7010; 7013; 7019, (1988)
consulted 1993, Waters, A., AM 107s for Cornwall SMR entries PRN 7011; 7015; 7016; 7018, (1988)
consulted 1993, Waters, A., AM 107s for Cornwall SMR entries PRN 7020; 7056; 7057; 7059, (1988)
Morley, B. & Rees, S., AM7 scheduling documentation for CO 1014, 1975, consulted 1993
Title: 1:2500 Ordnance Survey Map; SV 8807 Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SV 88499 07581

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009259 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2017 at 09:25:33.

End of official listing