Bowl barrow 520m north of Fitzhall: part of Fitzhall Heath round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009331

Date first listed: 23-Oct-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 520m north of Fitzhall:  part of Fitzhall Heath round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Stedham with Iping

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 84855 21649

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 520m north of Fitzhall survives well and has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed. The cemetery represents one of many such monuments to survive in the area, giving an insight into the intensity with which the area was occupied during the Bronze Age as well as the distribution of burial monuments.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, part of Fitzhall Heath round barrow cemetery, situated on a rise in the Greensand 3.5km north of the South Downs. The cemetery is linear and consists of 8 bowl barrows orientated east-west. Those to the east of the cemetery are closely spaced while those to the west are more dispersed. All the barrows survive as earthworks and have mounds ranging in size from 12m to 26m in diameter and 0.25m to 2.5m high. This barrow is slightly to the north of the line of the cemetery and has a mound which measures 15m in diameter and 0.3m,high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20044

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 82 SW 6, (1970)

End of official listing