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Bell barrow on Moneybury Hill, 500m NNE of the Bridgewater Monument.

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bell barrow on Moneybury Hill, 500m NNE of the Bridgewater Monument.

List entry Number: 1009347

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Buckinghamshire

District: Aylesbury Vale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Pitstone

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 29-Aug-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Oct-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19051

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.



Despite some disturbance to the central area of the barrow mound, most of the Moneybury bell barrow survives intact. There is also potential for the recovery of environmental material, relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed, from both the old land surface sealed beneath the mound and from the ditch fill.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow situated on the west facing escarpment of Moneybury Hill. The barrow mound survives as a well defined roughly circular mound 25m in diameter and stands up to 3m high on its west side and 2m high on its east. The top of the mound has been disturbed at some time in the distant past so that it is now concave to a depth of 0.4m. Surrounding the central mound is a sloping berm or platform 2.5m wide which separates the edge of the mound from the ditch such a berm is characteristic of this class of monument. A surrounding ditch, from which the material was quarried to construct the mound, survives as an earthwork around the north and south sides only where it averages 4m wide and 0.3m deep; elsewhere it is buried and overlain by modern trackways but survives as a buried feature of similar width.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SP 97113 13612

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009347 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 05:40:01.

End of official listing